Other Operating Expenses

Exceptional expenses relate to the following:

€ 1.5 million of total restructuring expenses relate to the ELANTAS Electrical Insulation division’s production facility in Hamburg and € 10.8 million to the German facilities of the ECKART Effect Pigments division. The restructuring measures led to a decrease in headcount. 63 % of the total reduction occurred in production, 11 % in sales, 10 % in research and development and 16 % in administration.